4th Kentucky Cavalry (U.S.) letters published in the Louisville Anzeiger, June 24, 1862

screen-shot-2016-09-28-at-1-14-25-pmLouisville Anzeiger

June 24, 1862

We extract from a letter to us from Capt. Henry A. Schaeffer from the 4th Kentucky Cavalry regiment dated Camp Wardrace [Wartrace], June 20, that the detachment now under his command is stationed in Jasper, Tennessee, 200 miles from Camp Wardrace [Wartrace], under the command of Capt. Blume, until he returns again. The men are well and in good spirits. Their patrol that was supposed to last 10 days has lasted three weeks. They went through a lot of severe strain, and officers like the soldiers made their camp in the open without shelter, because they were in a hurry and could not take their tents with them. The saddle blankets were their beds and their saddles were their pillows. The rumor of their being captured or slaughtered is entirely without basis, because they also have not been in danger once, with the exception of one time on the way to Chattanooga, where they had to travel narrow paths. Capt. Schaeffer spoke gloriously about Lt. Henry Walter, who in command of the advance guard captured a number of Rebel cavalry between Jasper and Chattanooga; as well, he expressed praise over the fitness for duty of Capt. Blume. Further, he confirmed the death of the soldier Henry Burg from Louisville [and] from the Hecker Regiment. He was killed by the explosion of a bomb during the bombardment of Chattanooga, as the regiment left the skirmish field, also five others were wounded at some time or other.

The Louisville Anzeiger, a German American newspaper, and translated into English by Joseph R. Reinhart.

Kentucky Digital Library – http://kdl.kyvl.org/catalog/xt7n2z12p13g/guide


4th Kentucky Cavalry (U.S.) letters published in the Louisville Anzeiger, June 17, 1862

screen-shot-2016-09-28-at-1-14-25-pmLouisville Anzeiger

June 17, 1862

Lt. Hooker of the company of the 4th Kentucky Cav. Reg. to which the deceased John Collins from here belonged, writes in reference to his death.

The young Collins received permission to set out with a detachment of 40 men on a patrol. It went to McMinnville, where they took 8 to 10 persons prisoner. On their return they pitched camp around 11 o’clock at night and stayed in it until breakfast. While they ate, a superior number of Rebels approached and asked them to surrender; Collins did not want to surrender, pulled his revolver and fired six shots, after he saw all was in vain, he threw his weapon down and asked for pardon; the answer was a deadly shot from a cavalryman, who rode within ten paces of him. Lt. Hooker remarks that only two men from the company were killed and not eight, as reported.

The Louisville Anzeiger, a German American newspaper, and translated into English by Joseph R. Reinhart.

Kentucky Digital Library – http://kdl.kyvl.org/catalog/xt7n2z12p13g/guide

4th Kentucky Cavalry (U.S.) letters published in the Louisville Anzeiger, June 12, 1862

screen-shot-2016-09-28-at-1-14-25-pmLouisville Anzeiger

From the 4th Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, Lt. O. Bes from the 1st squadron of that regiment writes from Murfreesboro under date of 8 June.

When yesterday morning about 6 o’clock Capt. T. L. Unthank with 80 men – detachments from the 1st squadron and from the 7th Penn. Reg. – were returning from their patrol with 10 to 12 prisoners, they were attacked and taken prisoner near Readyville about 12 miles from here. John Collins and Essic of Company A were killed, the same with Mr. Johnican, a Tennessean, who only recently enlisted. Joseph Kipp was wounded in both legs. He belonged to Company C. There are perhaps still more dead or wounded. The following named [men] from Company C were missing: Sgt. S. S. Robards, Albert Nietebock, and Wm. J. Killmore, Cpl. Wilh. Stützel, (who earlier worked at the Anzeiger’s printery), Monic *Morris+ Power, Thomas Fowler and John Greaney, the privates Jesse Traylor, Joseph Ricketts, Geo. St. John, John S. Scheen, John Rink, John Sullivan, Thomas Sullivan, Johnson McConkney, Patrick Kennedy, and Daniel Heaver. I do not know the names of the other company missing. Starnes retreated through McMinnville with the prisoners.

The Nashville Union reported that all the prisoners taken on Sunday by Col. Starnes were released on parole were released on parole.

The Louisville Anzeiger, a German American newspaper, and translated into English by Joseph R. Reinhart.

Kentucky Digital Library – http://kdl.kyvl.org/catalog/xt7n2z12p13g/guide

4th Kentucky Cavalry (U.S.) letters published in the Louisville Anzeiger, May 27, 1862

screen-shot-2016-09-28-at-1-14-25-pmLouisville Anzeiger

May 27, 1862

The readers will learn with regret, that Col. Ruckstuhl of the 4th Kentucky Cav. Regt. because of the breaking open of an old wound, which he received in the Mexican war, [vor die Hande] is unfit for duty. We hope that he recuperates soon, and might help vanquish the Rebels.

The Louisville Anzeiger, a German American newspaper, and translated into English by Joseph R. Reinhart.

Kentucky Digital Library – http://kdl.kyvl.org/catalog/xt7n2z12p13g/guide

U.S. Grant about importance of getting needed supplies from Louisville to Nashville

28 February 1864,

Grant writes to logistical mastermind General Robert Allen in Louisville regarding supplies requested by Allen.

It will be impossible probably to supply the number of Artillery & Cavalry horses called for within this Military Division but I would suggest that now all on hand be forwarded as rapidly as possible to this place and others be procured and forwarded as fast as they can be purchased. I will order this distribution from here.

U.S. Grant / Maj. Gen.


March 22, 1864 Camp Taylor (Louisville) letter by soldier in the 123rd Indiana Infantry

March 22nd, 1864

Dear Father,

Since I last wrote to you, we have, as you will perceive from the date of my letter, changed our quarters.

We left Greensburg last Friday evening for Lawrenceburg where we arrived about sundown and immediately took the boat for Louisville where we arrive about noon Saturday, and immediately marched out to the camp where we are at present quartered. I do not like our present quarters very well. Our whole regt is quartered in one barrack we number one thousand.

We have probably one of the best Colonels in the service, McChriston is his name. Our Lieutenant Colonel Collen seems to be a first rate man also. We have as yet no Major, though it is very likely that Cowgill will obtain that position, I hope he will at any rate.

We were reviewed yesterday by General Hovey, he announced our Company the best in the whole Brigade. There were three [Indiana] regts on review, the 130th, our own (the 123rd) and the 124th. They made a fine appearance. There are quite a number of Indiana regt including the 120th, 123rd, 124th, 129th and 130th.

Louisville is rather a rusty looking place, I have no desire to remain here very long and I don’t think we will. There is bound to be very hard fighting during the coming campaign and I think we’ll have our share of the hard knocks. I want to see some of the war business at any rate. I think it very probable that we will go to Nashville or Chattanooga before long.

You need not look for me home very soon, furloughs are “played out” but I am very well contented. I am in fine health, I get stouter every day, the army seems to agree with me. If I improve as I have been doing I will look somewhat like a man by the time I come home again.

I have been interrupted twice since I commenced this letter, once to go on battalion drill and the second time to go on dress parade. I guess I will get to close it now. We have not been payed yet except 13 dollars that we were payed while at Greensburg. We will hardly be payed of monthly wages for a month yet. I have never had my photograph taken yet to send home, but I will as soon as I get the money. Well I must close, give my love to all the family. Tell Pres to write to me, write soon.

Your affectionate son, John R. Miller
(to his father)

P.S. Address John R. Miller Company “F” 123rd regt Ind Vols Camp Taylor, Louisville

Source: http://www.civilwararchive.com/LETTERS/miller.htm

38th Ohio Infantry spends time in Louisville in 1861

screen-shot-2016-09-27-at-12-10-31-amOrganized in September, 1861, under Colonel Bradley, it went to Kentucky, and after the campaign of Mill Springs to Louisville, thence to Nashville, and that summer operated about Huntsville and Winchester, Tenn. The fall found it again at Louisville. In December it marched to Nashville and took part in the Tullahoma campaign in June 1863. After the battle of Mission Ridge it veteranized, and returned to take part in the Atlanta campaign, following from that time the fortunes of Sherman’s army through to Savannah and thence northward. It was finally mustered out at Louisville, in July, 1865.


Know all men by these presents, that I, Garland of the City of Louisville, State of Kentucky have this day sold to A. Throckmorton my servant man Frank, for the sum on One thousand dollars – five hundred dollars CASH in hand, & the remainder in six months from date. I warrant Frank to be sound and healthy at this time, and also that he is a slave for life. I further covenant and agree with said Throckmorton to defend the title to Frank against the claims of all persons whatsoever.

Witnessed my hand this 11th day of August 1859 E. Garland.


Source: online dealer | http://www.roi.us/bhistory11.htm


January 3, 1862 – 13th Ohio soldier writes of Louisville

. . . we hurryed down to Cincinnati and just as we got down the boat that contained the whole regiment were just moving out of sight it was just dusk so we got on the ferry and crost the river with the determination to have at least 2 days of a furlough of our own making and to injoy ourselfs as best we could. I had had no whiskey for some time but I got some this night or as least brandy, we stade in Cincinati 4 days and then we joined our regiment near Louisville...we injoyed ourselfs highly…before Christmas we got two more months pay…we so well entertained and injoyed ourselfs so well that we did not get to camp untill the day after Chrismas…It is expected that before long we are going to have a desperate fight but how long it will be time will tell…


Source: eBay, February 2011

Henry Baker, 74th Indiana letter, “We got to Louisville . . . “

He writes [late Sept 1862]:

We got to Louisville on Monday Evening and here on the Ohio River Sept 23rd [1862], one day later then the other. Sarah we arrived here this afternoon and got our tents up. I thought before this time that we would be in a fight but not yet. Now the citizens are shipping their women and children all across the [Ohio] river. The Rebels sent word that we had to surrender or be drowned in the river but by the time they got us in our shells gave some fun.

Now don’t be uneasy when you get word there the newspaper for they print print just to get money. Now Sarah I[‘ve] been gone 4 times to fight and not yet have the privilege to see a man killed in a fight. Yesterday we had a man killed by the [railroad] cars but this is nothing for we came up with 10,000 on trains to Louisville from Shepherdsville. Now we have about 17,500 here at present and such a lot of one is such a curiosity to see and the ___ ___ in here too.

Now we will take 10,000 Rebels. I know we are put down as a reserve. All the danger in the picket guard that we have to stand. I think about Thursday and then it will be a bad day about the Rebels but I guess we will come right for I have been in some narrow places have no trouble for my safety for I gave my all to God and I trust that if all right I shall see you before Spring. Farewell and  write of get somebody to write for you for I haven’t got but that letter that your Father wrote in Louisville, Direct as before

[Henry Baker, 74th Indiana Infantry]





Letter owner: The Kraig McNutt Civil War Collection


History of the 74th Indiana:

Eight companies of this regiment were organized at Fort Wayne 
in August, 1862, and were mustered in at Indianapolis Aug. 21, 
leaving the state at once for Louisville and proceeding thence 
to Bowling Green.  They returned to Louisville Sept. 5, and 
were assigned to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, Army of the 
Ohio, and joined in pursuit of Bragg.
Source: Union Army, vol 3, p. 157