38th Ohio Infantry spends time in Louisville in 1861

screen-shot-2016-09-27-at-12-10-31-amOrganized in September, 1861, under Colonel Bradley, it went to Kentucky, and after the campaign of Mill Springs to Louisville, thence to Nashville, and that summer operated about Huntsville and Winchester, Tenn. The fall found it again at Louisville. In December it marched to Nashville and took part in the Tullahoma campaign in June 1863. After the battle of Mission Ridge it veteranized, and returned to take part in the Atlanta campaign, following from that time the fortunes of Sherman’s army through to Savannah and thence northward. It was finally mustered out at Louisville, in July, 1865.

A. Sidney Smith, Union, Fifth Kentucky Infantry, “The Louisville Legion.”

screen-shot-2016-09-28-at-11-38-16-amA. Sidney Smith, Union, Fifth Kentucky Infantry, “The Louisville Legion.” Promoted First Lieutenant after serving as Sergeant Major. A. Sidney Smith was born in Missouri. He enlisted on March 1, 1863 at Murfreesboro, TN as a Private. On April 3, 1863 he mustered into “I” Co. KY 5th Infantry. During the war he was promoted from private to sergeant, to 2nd Lt. on August 18, 1862, and 1st Lt. on March 1, 1863. He resigned on March 25, 1864. He subsequently served in the US Army from June 18, 1867 until Jan. 31, 1871.

eBay auction, January 2011

9th Plate Tintype of C. Miller, Co E, 107th U.S.C.T. (raised in Louisville)

An unmarked civilian tintype of a black soldier ostensibly C. Miller with his identification badge pinned to the pillow having period inscription that reads, C. Miller/Co. E./107/USCT.

The only C. Miller in the regiment was “Creed Miller” who served in Company C, enlisting at Lebanon, Ky., in July 1864. Creed Miller later died in service, date not stated. The

107th USCT was organized at Louisville during the summer of 1864 and was assigned to the 18th Corps, Army of the James in October. It transferred to the 25th Corps, Department of North Carolina and saw action during the expeditions against Fort Fisher and the capture of Wilmington. The 107th also participated in the Carolinas campaign and the occupation of Raleigh. The regiment did not muster out until November 1866.

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Cowan’s Auction

Basil Duke succeeds Morgan, settles in Louisville

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History of Morgan’s Cavalry. Cincinnati: Miami Printing and Publishing, 1867, 1st edition.

Duke (1838-1916) was a Kentucky native practicing law in St. Louis before the Civil War broke out. Involved in secessionist activities, he joined Morgan’s company of Lexington rifles when the war finally erupted, and succeeded Morgan after his death. Two weeks later, Duke was commissioned Brig. Genl. When word reached him of Lee’s surrender, he hastened to the aid of Johnston in North Carolina, and his unit formed part of Jefferson Davis’ escort to Georgia. Duke’s three years with Morgan in the thick of the war, and being Morgan’s second in command, made him one of the premier biographers of the famous guerilla commander. Once the war ended, Duke settled in Louisville and worked as hard for swift reconciliation as he had for secession.

Source: Cowan’s Auction, online

General Lovell H. Rousseau

screen-shot-2016-09-26-at-11-21-30-pmRousseau, Lovell H., major-general, was born in Stanford, Lincoln county, Ky., Aug. 4, 1818, his father having emigrated from Virginia. He received the ordinary school advantages afforded the pioneer settlers of that early period and then devoted his attention to the study of law. Subsequently he removed to Bloomfield, Ind., and was admitted to the bar of that state in 1841. He became an active political leader at once, and was elected to the state assembly in 1844 and to the state senate in 1847. He took part in the Mexican war as captain of the 2nd Ind. regiment of volunteers, and received special mention for his gallantry at Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, In 1849 he made Louisville, Ky., his home and there opened a law office, where he soon attained prominence as a criminal lawyer. He was elected to the Kentucky state senate in 1860, being the choice of both parties. On the outbreak of the Civil war in 1861, he used his earnest efforts to restrain Kentucky from joining the Confederacy, and was especially active in recruiting troops and providing for their proper drill and equipment. He resigned from the legislature to serve better the Federal cause, and to this end he proposed and established Camp Joe Holt, near Louisville, which became a prominent rendezvous for troops. He raised the 5th regiment, Ky. volunteers, and was made colonel in Sept., 1861, becoming brigadier-general on Oct. 6, following. He led the 4th brigade of the 2nd division, Army of the Ohio, at the second day’s battle of Shiloh, and greatly distinguished himself by retaking the headquarters abandoned by Gen. McClernand the day before and otherwise contributing to the success of the Federal army on that day. He again distinguished himself at the battle of Perryville, Ky., on Oct. 8, and that day gained his promotion to major-general of volunteers. He was next in the field at Stone’s river on Dec. 31, and from Nov., 1863, to the close of the war, was in command of the districts of Tennessee. He led an important and successful raid into the heart of Alabama in 1864 and defended Fort Rosecrans during the siege of Nashville. He resigned from the army on Nov. 30, 1865, and four days later took his seat in the Thirty-ninth Congress, to which he had been elected as a Republican representative from Kentucky. In June, 1866, Gen. Rousseau made a personal assault on J. B. Grinnell of Iowa, for words spoken in debate, and was, by resolution of the committee appointed to investigate, recommended to be expelled. The house, however, adopted the minority report to reprimand him, whereupon he resigned his seat. He was re- elected during the subsequent recess to the same Congress and served on the same committees as in the first session. He was appointed on March 28, 1867, by President Johnson, a brigadier- general in the regular army, being given on the same date the brevet rank of major-general U. S. A., and he was assigned to duty in the new territory of Alaska to receive that domain from the Russian government and assume control of the territory. He succeeded Gen. Sheridan in command of the Department of the Gulf, and continued in that command with his headquarters at New Orleans up to the time of his death, which occurred Jan. 7, 1869.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 8

General Robert D. Anderson

screen-shot-2016-09-26-at-11-18-59-pmAnderson, Robert, brigadier-general, was born near Louisville, Ky., at a place called “Soldier’s Retreat,” June 14, 1805. In 1825 he was graduated at West Point and received a commission as second lieutenant in the 3rd artillery. During the Black Hawk war, in 1832, he served as colonel of the Illinois volunteers, and after that, from 1835 to 1837, acted as instructor in artillery at West Point. He was brevetted captain for services in the Florida war then was for a time attached to the staff of Gen. Scott as assistant adjutant-general, and in 1841 was promoted to captain. He also served in the Mexican war, and was severely wounded in the battle of Molino del Rey. In 1857 he was appointed major of the 1st artillery, and in 1860 assumed command of the troops in Charleston harbor, with headquarters at Fort Moultrie. Owing to threatened assaults, Maj. Anderson withdrew his command, on the night of Dec. 26, 1860, to Fort Sumter, where he remained until forced to evacuate, on April 14, 1861, after a bombardment of thirty-six hours, to which he replied until forced by the disabling of his guns to yield.

In recognition of his services at Fort Sumter he was appointed by President Lincoln
brigadier-general in the U. S. army, and was assigned to command the Department of
Kentucky, being subsequently transferred to that of the Cumberland. On account of failing health he was relieved from duty in Oct., 1861, and was retired from active service on Oct. 27, 1863.

On Feb. 3, 1865, he was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. In 1869 he sailed for Europe in search of health, and died there, at Nice, France, Oct. 27, 1871. He was the translator from the French of “Instructions for Field Artillery, Horse and Foot”, and “Evolutions of Field Batteries.” To his personal efforts credit is due for the original steps in the organization of the Soldiers, home in Washington, which has since then sheltered many thousands of Civil war veterans.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 8

Kentucky State Guard

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The Kentucky Legislature created the State Guard in May 1860. This allowed volunteer militia units to be organized in each county. This picture was taken at the first encampment at Louisville, August 1860. In the center wearing the top hat is Governor Beriah Magoffin. The Nelson Greys and Stone Riflemen were the Nelson County Units. Captain John Crepps Wickliffe of Bardstown commanded the Greys, and W. Davis McKay commanded the Riflemen.

Image source: Nelson County: A Portrait of the Civil War, Hibbs, p. 2.