Historical marker #1350 – Louisville and Nashville Railroad


The first track for the L&N Railroad was laid in 1855 and the first train ran in August of the same year. The first passenger train going from Louisville to Nashville took place in 1859. During the Civil War the L&N was the Western theatre’s only north-south supply route. Generals Grant and Sherman both used this railroad to move troops north-south throughout the Western theatre and the South.



Industrial School of Reform and House of Refuge – Louisville – Historical Marker #541

Originally this was site of the old Industrial School of Reform and House of Refuge, established 1860. During Civil War, institution used by Union troops as barracks and parade grounds. The property, with several original buildings, taken over by Univ. of Louisville in 1923 and called the University campus. Renamed in 1927 in honor of benefactor William R. Belknap.

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1875 House of Refuge. University of Louisville Photographic Archives

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circa 1904. House of Refuge (Industrial School of Reform) Bldg. built in 1866. Later purchased by U of L and demolished. University of Louisville Photographic Archives

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Historical marker #1810 – Fort Southworth

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On Paddy’s Run, by the north side of a bend 1/4 mile from the Ohio River. It was just a little southwest of Battery Gallup and Fort Clark.

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The present day Multicorr Corporation is just a little south of the probable original site of Fort Southworth.

Fort Southworth was named for A. J. Southworth, who died in Atlanta, Georgia, in August 1864.It was the westernmost of the fortifications and covered 19,000 square feet (1,800 m2) in total. Its construction began on August 1, 1864 and was paid for both by Louisville and by the federal government.

Andrew J. Southworth was 26 years old when he enlisted in the 104th Ohio Infantry on July 11, 1862. He was accidentally killed on August 16, 1864 near Atlanta when a tree fell on him as he was constructing breastworks during the Atlanta campaign. He was a Captain at his death. He is buried in the Marietta National Cemetery.


Historical marker #2231 – Farmington Plantation

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Historic Farmington Plantation – Louisville, KY (Off the Waterson Expressway, near Sullivan University | Google Map)

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Text from the Farmington web site (9/26/16):

Built for John and Lucy Speed, Farmington was completed in 1816. The Historic Home was the center of a thriving 550 acre hemp plantation that was sustained by nearly 60 enslaved African Americans who lived in cabins on the propery. In the summer of 1841, Abraham Lincoln visited Farmington for three weeks. Relationships he formed with member of the Speed family, including his future Attorney General James Speed, became important during Lincoln’s Presidency and the Civil War.

There is circumstantial evidence that the plans for Farmington were taken from a plan by Thomas Jefferson. We know Lucy’s family had close connections with Jefferson, and we know that Farmington’s floor plan is very similar to one drawn by Jefferson. The building contract for Farmington mentions Paul Skidmore as having done the plan for the house. Whether Skidmore was provided with a sketch from Jefferson or a verbal description from Lucy of what she envisioned or whether he independently arrived at the original design, we will never know. In any event, construction, much of it undoubtedly by slaves, began in 1815 and was completed by 1816.